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3rd World Conference on Parasitology & Pathogenesis, will be organized around the theme “Advanced Knowledge & Innovations for Understanding Pathogenicity to Prevent and Treatment of Parasitic Diseases”

World Parasitology 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in World Parasitology 2017

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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Parasitology is the branch of biology concerned with the phenomenon of dependence of one living organism on another. Some parasites cause disease, while other parasites are harmless or nonpathogenic. Here we can focus on the parasites, their hosts, the environments they share and the ways in which they interact.  In field parasitology we study biology and life cycles of parasites.

People working in this field come from numerous backgrounds, including zoology, physiology, biochemistry, immunology, molecular biology, pharmacology, ecology, economics, anthropology, sociology, engineering, agriculture, education, mathematics and, of course, human and veterinary medicine. Specific disciplines focus on specific aspects, thus parasitological knowledge may be fragmentary. 

 

  • Track 1-1Classification
  • Track 1-2General life cycle & Characters of parasites
  • Track 1-3Association between parasite and host
  • Track 1-4Effect of parasites on the host
  • Track 1-5Sources of exposure to Parasitic Infections

A branch of medical microbiology that deals with the study of Protozoa which are parasites of humans. The parasites of humans in the kingdom protozoa are now classified under 3 phyla: Sarcomastigophora (containing the amoebas and flagellates); Apicomplexa (containing the sporozoans); and Ciliophora (containing the ciliates).

Protozoa are ubiquitous in moist areas, including the human alimentary canal. Although most amoebas are free-living, several are found as commensal inhabitants of the intestinal tract in humans. One of these organisms Entamoeba histolytica may invade tissue and produce disease. The majority of ciliates are free living and seldom parasitize humans. Flagellates of the genus Trypanosomes and Leishmania are capable of invading the blood & tissue of humans, where they produce severe chronic illness. Others such as Trichomonas vaginalis and Giardia lamblia, inhabit the urogenital and gastrointestinal tracts and initiate disease characterized by mild to moderate morbidity but no mortality.

  • Track 2-1Malaria
  • Track 2-2Amoebiasis
  • Track 2-3Giardiasis
  • Track 2-4Cryptosporidiosis
  • Track 2-5Balantidiasis
  • Track 2-6Isosporiosis
  • Track 2-7Cyclosporiasis
  • Track 2-8Trichomoniasis
  • Track 2-9Toxoplasmosis
  • Track 2-10 Trypanosomiasis
  • Track 2-11 Leishmaniasis
  • Track 2-12Amoebic Meningoencephalitis

Medical helminthology is concerned with the study of helminthes or parasitic worms. Helminthes are among the common parasitic causes of human suffering. They are the cause of high morbidity and mortality of people worldwide. They cause different diseases in humans, but few helminthic infections cause life- threatening diseases. They cause anemia and malnutrition.

  • Track 3-1Trematodes (Flukes)
  • Track 3-2Nematodes (Round Worms)
  • Track 3-3Cestodes (Tapeworms)

Medical entomology is a science, which deals with the study of arthropods. Members of the phylum arthropoda are the most numerous and widely distributed of all animal groups. Their medical importance lies in their ability to cause morbidity and mortality, and their extensive distribution over the face of the earth. They may be found in every part of the world and in every type of environment. Many, particularly those within the class insecta and arachnida, live in close association with humans; others while primarily parasites of animals, will readily attack or feed upon humans and some may specifically adapt as human parasites.

  • Track 4-1Amoebiasis
  • Track 4-2Filarial Elephantiasis
  • Track 4-3Yellow fever
  • Track 4-4Dengue fever
  • Track 4-5Babesiosis
  • Track 4-6Encephalitis
  • Track 4-7Chagas disease
  • Track 4-8Colorado Tick Fever
  • Track 4-9African trypanosomiasis
  • Track 4-10Leishmaniasis
  • Track 4-11Zika Viral Fever

The process of causing disease is termed as Pathogenesis. Pathogenicity is the capacity to initiate disease. Pathogenesis is a multi-factorial process which depends on the immune status of the host, the nature of the species or strain and the number of organisms in the initial exposure. A limited number of bacterial species are responsible for the majority of infectious diseases.

Bacterial pathogens can be classified into two broad groups, primary and opportunistic pathogens.

Primary pathogens are capable of establishing infection and causing disease in previously healthy individuals with intact immunological defenses. However, these bacteria may more readily cause disease in individuals with impaired defenses.

Opportunistic pathogens rarely cause disease in individuals’ with intact immunological and anatomical defenses. Bacteria able to cause disease only when such defenses are impaired or compromised.

Common pathogenic bacteria and the types of bacterial diseases they cause include:

  • Escherichia coli and Salmonella cause food poisoning.
  • Helicobacter pylori cause gastritis and ulcers.
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea.  
  • Neisseria meningitidis causes meningitis.
  • Staphylococcus aureus causes a variety of infections in the body, including boils, cellulitis, abscesses, wound infections, toxic shock syndrome, pneumonia, and food poisoning.
  • Streptococcal bacteria cause a variety of infections in the body, including pneumonia, meningitis, ear infections, and strep throat.

Bacterial diseases are contagious and can result in many serious or life-threatening complications, such as blood poisoning (bacteremia), kidney failure, and toxic shock syndrome.

  • Track 5-1Tuberculosis
  • Track 5-2Tetanus
  • Track 5-3Typhoid Fever
  • Track 5-4Pneumonia
  • Track 5-5Diphtheria
  • Track 5-6Syphilis
  • Track 5-7Sepsis
  • Track 5-8Meningitis
  • Track 5-9Leprosy
  • Track 5-10Gastritis and Ulcers
  • Track 5-11Bacterial Food Poisoning
  • Track 5-12Chlamydia
  • Track 5-13Gonorrhea
  • Track 5-14Boils, Cellulitis and Abscesses

Viral pathogenesis is the process by which viruses produce disease in the host. The factors that determine the viral transmission, multiplication, and development of disease in the host involve complex and dynamic interactions between the virus and the susceptible host. Viruses cause disease when they breach the host's primary physical and natural protective barriers. An important aspect of viral pathogenesis is viral epidemiology. Infection in a population can be endemic, epidemic, or pandemic. Infection can be direct or indirect. Several quantitative measures are expressed as infectivity, disease index, virulence, incidence, and prevalence in terms of epidemiology.

  • Track 6-1Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV/AIDS)
  • Track 6-2Chickenpox
  • Track 6-3Flu (Influenza)
  • Track 6-4Herpes
  • Track 6-5Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Track 6-6Infectious Mononucleosis
  • Track 6-7Mumps, Measles and Rubella
  • Track 6-8Viral Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu)
  • Track 6-9Viral Hepatitis
  • Track 6-10Viral Meningitis
  • Track 6-11Viral Pneumonia
  • Track 6-12Shingles

Fungi are everywhere. They are so widely distributed in our environment that thousands of fungal spores are inhaled or ingested every day. There are approximately 1.5 million different species of fungi on Earth, but only about 300 of those are known to make people sick. Fungal diseases are often caused by fungi that are common in the environment.

Human fungal pathogens belong to four main groups, namely zygomcetes, ascomycetes, deuteromycetes, and basidiomycetes.

Fungal diseases can be broadly classified on the basis of causative agents as:

(a) dermatophytosis (b) histoplasmosis (c) blastomycosis (d) coccidiomycosis (e) candidiasis (f) cryptococcosis (g) aspergillosis (h) hyalohyphomycosis and (i) zygomycosis.

  • Track 7-1Dermatophytosis
  • Track 7-2Histoplasmosis
  • Track 7-3Blastomycosis
  • Track 7-4Candidiasis
  • Track 7-5Coccidioidomycosis
  • Track 7-6Cryptococcosis
  • Track 7-7Aspergillosis
  • Track 7-8Hyalohyphomycosis
  • Track 7-9Zygomycosis
  • Track 7-10Ringworm
  • Track 7-11Sporotrichosis
  • Track 7-12Exserohilum
  • Track 7-13Cladosporium

A zoonotic disease is a disease spread between animals and people. Zoonotic diseases can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi. The majority of the classic parasitic diseases due to helminthes, trematodes, cestodes, pentastomids and protozoa are zoonotic. These zoonotic diseases include many of the classic infectious diseases such as rabies and ricketsia (e.g. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever), as well as most of the “new” emerging infectious diseases such as HIV, Lyme, SARS, Ehrlichiosis and Nipah virus.

 

  • Track 8-1Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Track 8-2HIV
  • Track 8-3Lyme disease
  • Track 8-4SARS
  • Track 8-5Ehrlichiosis

Immunoparasitology is "the study of the immunology of host-parasite relationships".  One important thrust in parasite research today is the development of vaccines against parasites of man and domestic animals. The existence of efficacious vaccines against viruses and bacteria provides incentive to immunoparasitologists to develop analogous protection strategies against protists and helminths. In recent years, the development of specific diagnostic tests for parasites has been one of the major successful applications derived from basic research in immunoparasitology.

  • Track 9-1New diagnostic tools
  • Track 9-2New vaccines and treatment strategies
  • Track 9-3Development of Nanobodies

It is the study of association between parasites and animal hosts. Veterinary parasitologists care for domesticated animals used for food and work; they also care for companion animals. Veterinarians play an indirect role in human health when they control parasites in nonhuman animals that are transmissible to humans.

Here we consider parasites of domestic and wildlife animals. Scientists study the genesis and development of parasitoses in animal hosts, as well as the taxonomy and systematics of parasites. Parasites are responsible for major economic losses in food–producing animals.

Data obtained from parasitological research in animals helps in veterinary practice and improves animal breeding. The major goal of veterinary parasitology is to protect animals and improve their health and also important for public health.

  • Track 10-1Helminth Infections
  • Track 10-2Protozoal Infections
  • Track 10-3Anti-parasitics
  • Track 10-4Epidemiology of Parasitic diseases
  • Track 10-5Parasite Control and Livestock Production
  • Track 10-6Common Avian Parasites and Emerging Diseases

Tropical diseases encompass all diseases that occur solely, or principally, in the tropics.  Insects such as mosquitoes and flies are by far the most common disease carrier, or vector. These insects may carry a parasite, bacterium or virus that is infectious to humans and animals. The most prevalent infectious diseases that thrive in hot, humid conditions are malaria, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis, Chagas disease, African trypanosomiasis, and dengue.

  • Track 11-1Leishmaniasis
  • Track 11-2Lymphatic filariasis
  • Track 11-3Schistosomiasis
  • Track 11-4Neglected tropical diseases
  • Track 11-5Onchocerciasis

Vector-borne diseases are illnesses caused by pathogens and parasites in human populations. They can transmit infectious diseases between humans or from animals to humans. Every year there are more than 1 billion cases and over 1 million deaths from vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, schistosomiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and onchocerciasis, globally. Vector-borne diseases account for over 17% of all infectious diseases.

  • Track 12-1Ecto Parasites and Arthropod Vectors
  • Track 12-2Mosquito- borne diseases
  • Track 12-3Triatomine bugs and Tsetse flies- borne diseases
  • Track 12-4Sandflies and Ticks-borne diseases
  • Track 12-5Aquatic snails-borne diseases
  • Track 12-6Fleas and Black flies- borne diseases

It is Cell biology of Parasites. The main subject areas covered are the structure, biosynthesis, degradation, properties and function of DNA, RNA, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and small molecular-weight substances, drug target characterization and the mode of action of antiparasitic agents, molecular and biochemical aspects of membrane structure and function, molecular and biochemical aspects of host parasite relationships including analysis of parasitic escape mechanisms.

 

  • Track 13-1Biochemistry of parasitic protozoa and helminthes
  • Track 13-2Molecular interactions between host and parasites
  • Track 13-3Molecular genetics and Cloning

The most common parasites of fish are protistans.  Protistans Infect Gills and Skin. Ciliated protozoa are among the most common external parasites of fish. The most well-known organism in this group is Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. The infection caused by I multifiliis is referred to as “ich” or “white spot disease.

Saprolegnia and Aphanomyces are the most frequently associated with disease in freshwater fishes.

Metazoan parasites include the myxozoans, helminths, and crustaceans, and are common in both wild and cultured fish.

  • Track 14-1Protozoan Disease
  • Track 14-2Trematode Diseases
  • Track 14-3Cestode Diseases
  • Track 14-4Nematode Diseases
  • Track 14-5Crustaceans Disease

The focuses on human diseases caused by parasitic infections, with emphasis on diseases of public health importance, Investigating the outbreak and control of Parasitic disease.

  • Track 15-1Food and Water Borne Parasitic Diseases
  • Track 15-2Vector Borne Parasitic Diseases
  • Track 15-3Tropical Parasitic Diseases
  • Track 15-4Biology & geographical distribution of Infections
  • Track 15-5Sources of infections
  • Track 15-6Life cycles & Route(s) of transmission
  • Track 15-7Human parasitic diseases: Economic impact

Control and eventual elimination of human parasitic diseases requires novel approaches, particularly in the areas of diagnostics, mathematical modelling, monitoring, evaluation, surveillance and public health response.Recent developments in new diagnostic tools, however, have opened new avenues for a vast improvement in parasite detection. Firstly, a number of newer serology-based assays that are highly specific and sensitive have emerged, such as the Falcon assay screening test ELISA (FAST-ELISA) , Dot-ELISA , rapid antigen detection system (RDTS) , and luciferase immunoprecipitation system (LIPS) . Secondly, molecular-based approaches such as loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) , real-time polymerase chain reaction , and Luminex  have shown a high potential for use in parasite diagnosis with increased specificity and sensitivity. Thirdly, proteomic technology has also been introduced for the discovery of biomarkers using tissues or biological fluids from the infected host. 

  • Track 16-1Microscopy
  • Track 16-2Immunodiagnosis
  • Track 16-3Molecular-Based Approaches
  • Track 16-4Imaging Techniques and Endoscopy
  • Track 16-5Recent Diagnostic Advances Using Nanotechnology
  • Track 17-1Mechanical methods
  • Track 17-2Ecological control
  • Track 17-3Chemical methods
  • Track 17-4Biological methods
  • Track 17-5Genetic control
  • Track 17-6Clinical & PreventiveTropical Medicine

Pharmacology, the science of drugs, deals with the research, discovery, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use, and toxicology.

The field encompasses drug composition and properties, synthesis and drug design, molecular and cellular mechanisms, organ/systems mechanisms, signal transduction/cellular communication, molecular diagnostics, interactions, toxicology, chemical biology, therapy, and medical applications and anti-pathogenic capabilities.

The two main areas of pharmacology

1.       Pharmacodynamics

2.       Pharmacokinetics

  • Track 18-1Antiprotozoal Drugs: Pharmacology and Usage
  • Track 18-2Anthelmintic Drugs: Pharmacology and Usage
  • Track 18-3Parasitic Diseases: Tropical Medicine
  • Track 18-4Natural and Synthetic Antiviral & Antifungal Drugs
  • Track 18-5Antibiotics
  • Track 18-6Wildlife Medicine: Parasitic Diseases
  • Track 18-7Diagnostics Consulting